Interviewee ID: 990367
Parent's name: Nyamaa
Year of Birth: 1964
Notes on education: büren dund
Born in: Saihan sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Saihan sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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education / cultural production; family; cultural campaigns; privatization; democracy;
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Summary of Interview 090769A with Oyunsüren
Oyunsüren egch was born in 1964, the oldest daughter in her family. At the age of eight she went to the central school of the sum. She walked from her ger to the school. April 25th was the deadline for combing the goats therefore they used to comb goats a lot. At the age of six she learned to ride horses and every child assisted in the household work. Her parents got about 200 tögrögs as a salary for cashmere. She used to go to school in büürken gutal and a drill-cloth deel.
The majority of herders’ children lived in the school dormitory. They slept in pairs and there still wasn't enough space in the dormitory. They wrote with a dip pen and the ‘ant’ pens were rare. The parents had little opportunity to give attention to their children, so the children strove by themselves.
During the cultural campaign the classes were lined up and those who had passed were let go and those who hadn’t passed were brought into their classrooms. Their one foot was washed and the nails cut, said Altanhuu guai (sic). The schoolchildren used to dig building foundations, comb goats of the ‘ails’ and cut wood. In the year she entered the ninth grade Oyunsüren egch worked with the haymaking brigade for 14 days and got 120 tögrögs. In the socialist period the people were very busy and everyone had to go to the haymaking.
Oyunsüren guai completed secondary school in 1982 and, having received an assignment, became a milkmaid. In the summer time she rose #at four in the morning and she milked 16-17 cows a day and grazed the calves. In the summer time many ‘ails’ camped together. The generator started from eight in the evening and we turned on the lights. Meat was consumed cooked in its juice or dried.
The collective broke up in 1990 and her family withdrew from the collective in the second round. The privatization process was largely organized by the people who had managed the collective. It was been decided to give 20 cattle to each collective member through the 'large' privatization. In the process of the collective meeting 13 people withdrew from the collective in the first round. Her family has withdrawn from the collective in the second wave and later some ‘ails’ couldn’t get any livestock. Some of the joint collective property was transferred into cash and a shareholding company was formed based on the rest of the property but it has also been dissolved. The sum club was shut down and divided among some people.
Quite a lot of people have accepted the democratic revolution of 1990 hesitantly. But there were also people who supported it. A man called Namhai established a branch of the Social-Democratic party. The Revolutionary Party people said his wife hadn’t disciplined her husband well. Their family was related to Lhamjav guai therefore the Revolutionary Party people didn’t come to their place to distribute materials during the elections.