Interviewee ID: 990302
Parent's name: Baatar
Year of Birth: 1945
Notes on education:
Born in: Aimag Centre sum, Zavhan aimag
Lives in: Bayan-Öndör sum (or part of UB), Orhon aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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collectivization; privatization; cultural campaigns; environment; repressions;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
childhood; schoolchildren's life; cultural campaigns; foreign relations; Chinese; repression; collectivization; agricultural industry; work - labor; authority; boss - worker relations; industrialization; democracy; privatization; belief; nature and environment;
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To read a full interview with Bayarsaihan please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090806A with Bayarsaihan
B. Bayarsaihan was born in 1945 in Uliastai city, the centre of Zavhan aimag. In 1960 he completed the seventh grade and studied at the Teachers’ school in Ulaanbaatar. He worked as a teacher’s work and then he worked at the Public Security organization and in 1994 he retired.
In the start of the interview he emphasized that after democracy the national conscience of the Mongolians has awakened and the people freely expressed their views, they acquired private property and they started traveling freely to the ends of the world. Initially people joined the collectivization movement voluntarily but later many measures were taken like persecution, repression and chasing after people. For instance, a rich man named Jügnee was moved to the border by the aimag administration and the security forces because he didn’t want to join the collective. Some ails who had no livestock at all were made to join the collective, and they were made to work in furnishing the collective centre or in the vegetable fields. Also, at the beginning of the cultural campaigns the people were not accustomed to use the required things and they put them away after the inspection was over, but step by step they became used to them and they were used everyday. The cultural campaign brought great changes to the household culture of the Mongolians.
He briefly talked about his parents and how two lamas, the relatives of his mother, were repressed and how the religion has changed. He also talked about the changes of the nature and environment in Zavhan aimag and the process of privatization. At first he mentioned that the privatization commenced without precise registration of the property which was a mistake, and the authorities got most of the benefits and the privatization vouchers and the coupons of many people were lost by selling them without any approval. There were many such cases and many people suffered such losses.
At the end he talked about the people in authority of the socialist period, the new techniques and technologies and how the ordinary people communicated with the foreign countries and the development of industry and the life and work of the industrial workers.