Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990304
Name: Jadvaa
Parent's name: Gaanjuur
Ovog: Hariad
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1940
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education:
Work: retired
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Shine-Ider sum, Hövsgöl aimag
Lives in: Bayangol sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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work; education / cultural production; childhood; cultural campaigns; repressions;

Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)

Childhood - school years; child education; changes in personal hygiene; cultural campaigns; medical shots; foreign relations; personal life; father - mother; repressions; work - labor; authority;

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To read a full interview with Jadvaa please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 090808A with Jadvaa

G. Jadvaa was born in 1940. At age 10 he entered secondary school located in Shine-Ider sum, Hövsgöl aimag. In 1957 upon completion of 7th grade he entered the College of Economics and Finance. Graduating from college in 1960 he was ordered to work at the newly established state authority of inspection at Hövsgöl aimag. In 1966 he entered NUM, graduated in 1970 and worked in Selenge and Dundgovi aimag’s financial departments.

In the beginning part of the interview he narrates his life story, about Selenge aimag and working in the finance sector. At that time the financial agency worked against exceeding the allocated budget, generating income and if production met or exceeded the planned goals they were rewarded and vice versa: if they underperformed there were penalties. After having worked 30 years as the head of the accounting unit he says he was dismissed without “a goat to herd off, or even a dog to chase away”. He talks further about work and lives during socialism and how in the past each job had its own standards and how people upheld their duties and responsibilities in contrast to the present day priority given to individual rights.

In the middle part he talks about his childhood, parent - child relationships and state policies regarding education. During socialism the education system had a vertical structure with the Ministry of Education at the top gradually descending down to educational units in aimags and schools. The Institute under the Ministry of Education would be responsible for all educational materials and professional development of pedagogues. He also talks about repressions, how lamas from Nüht Hüree at Shine-Ider sum were captured and shot.

At the end of the interview he talks about the cultural campaign, how as a result of it personal hygiene improved, the level of mass education improved, spread of infectious diseases decreased and many other positive outcomes.