Interviewee ID: 990304
Parent's name: Gaanjuur
Year of Birth: 1940
Notes on education:
Born in: Shine-Ider sum, Hövsgöl aimag
Lives in: Bayangol sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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collectivization; privatization; democracy; work; funerals;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
foreign relations; technology; collectivization; member of collective; work - labor; team; power; authority; boss - worker relations; democracy; privatization; funeral ritual;
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To read a full interview with Jadvaa please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 090808B with Jadvaa
In the beginning of the interview he talks about the process of collectivization. The first negdel (collective) in Shine-Ider sum was formed in 1957 consisting of seven members. He gives a detailed description about how his father participated in founding the first negdel and how it developed over the years. He also mentions how those herders who did not want to join the negdel were driven away from their pasture land and how collectivization succeeded through pressuring the herders into increased allocation of plans to submit fuel, wool or milk.
In the middle part of the interview he talks about privatization - how the government announced the privatization process, how privatization committees were set up in sums which conducted an inventory of all livestock and other properties and distributed to the families pink certificates of privatization. For example those who had authority and were quick-witted accumulated the stocks of their acquaintances, and that way they were able to privatize large number of livestock. Also he gives a short account of the democratic movements that started in the 1990s. At the beginning of the movement people would come from the city to countryside and propagandize: “democracy will generate property for people, they will have money, the living standards will improve, they will have freedom, they will be liberated from the communists, and authoritarianism will be eliminated”.
At the end he talks about people with power. In those days people in power were strict, always exercised better accountability with their subordinates. He also talks about the introduction of new technologies during socialism, how ordinary people interacted with foreign countries and how religion was transformed.