Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990340
Name: Lhagvasüren
Parent's name: Tserendorj
Ovog: Shargachin
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1939
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education: mechanic
Work: retired
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Mogod sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Bulgan sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder, builder
Father's profession: herder, stoker

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work; herding / livestock; collectivization; education / cultural production; industrialization;

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Summary of Interview 090824A with Lhagvasüren

A former agricultural engineer.

Ts. Lhagvasüren was born in 1939 in Mogod sum, Bulgan aimag. Until the age of ten, when he went to school, he tended livestock. He went to the elementary school of Mogod sum. Then he accomplished the seventh grade in Hishig-Öndör sum, and in 1959 he went to Bulgan sum to complete the tenth grade. Then he studied at the Linard Academy of Moscow. In 1966 he graduated from the Agricultural Engineering Institute and was qualified as an agricultural machinery mechanic.

After graduation, from 1966 he has worked as the general engineer of the MAAM (mal aj ahuin machin - livestock husbandry machinery) station. There used to be a MAAM station in Bulgan aimag then. Then in 1968 he worked as the general engineer of the aimag's collective's council, from 1972 to 1980 he worked as an engineer of the agricultural management department of the aimag, from 1980 to 1991 – an agricultural director of the aimag party committee, from 1991 to 2003 – a specialist in charge of agriculture issue at the office of the aimag mayor. In 2003 he retired on a pension. In 2003-2006 he has worked for two years as an executive director at the Bulgan-Öndör water management company. Since then he has been working as an agricultural advisor-specialist at the aimag agriculture department. He described himself as working all his life through. In 1963 he married a woman named Sambuugiin Pürev. They have six children.

The story Ts. Lhagvasüren told us is inseparably connected with the development of agriculture of Bulgan aimag in the socialist period. Since he attended secondary school in Hishig-Öndör sum, he and his friend Shagdar had been interested in machinery. They watched the new techniques introduced in connection with the nationwide cultivation of virgin lands. At that time he had the wish to learn this vocation. The two of them been qualified as engineers in this field in the Soviet Union. He talked about how the agricultural machinery had been developed and how it was introduced in Mongolia, starting from the horse stations in the1930s.

He also mentioned that in historical documents we can find that agriculture has been cultivated in the settled areas of Dashinchilen sum called Har Uulin balgas and Chintolgoin balgas since 840 AD, during the Khirgiz, Uigur and Kitan states. The land of Bulgan aimag and the Orhon valley is the most suitable place for cultivation. He mentioned that traces of remains, like threshing instruments and trenches had been found. He talked extensively of the fact that from generation to generation since that time this land has been the main region that provides people with grain and wheat. He talked about the history of establishing the MAAM station in the Bulgan aimag territory, the personnel and the machinery of that time together with the resolutions and decrees issued related to them.