Interviewee ID: 990340
Parent's name: Tserendorj
Year of Birth: 1939
Notes on education: mechanic
Born in: Mogod sum, Bulgan aimag
Lives in: Bulgan sum (or part of UB), Bulgan aimag
Mother's profession: herder, builder
Father's profession: herder, stoker
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collectivization; work; privatization; environment; family;
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Summary of Interview 090824B with Lhagvasüren
In the second part of his interview Ts. Lhagvasüren talked about the Third party plenum held in 1959 where the goal to provide the country with the flour was set up, and the campaign to bring virgin lands under cultivation was begun. To cultivate virgin land means to transform the wild field into a farm region. They used to plow the mountain slopes and steppe lands with no irrigation. The real virgin lands were revived and cultivated and settlements with schools and hospitals were built and social services were introduced. Culture was introduced to the countryside citizens. By cultivating the virgin lands there have been great changes in the social life of the people and it has brought culture. He feels that changes and progress came into all spheres of the people’s life, such as knowledge, education and household economy.
The first virgin land campaign continued from 1959 to 1976, the second campaign started in 1976 and it developed rapidly. At the time of change, or in the 1990s, agriculture has declined and he talked about the factors that influenced this.
During privatization he had no comprehension of the market. There was no preparation and no arrangement when privatizing agriculture. The way privatization was done was the main reason for its decline. The majority of the agricultural equipment came from foreign countries, especially the Soviet Union. It was the result of world-wide changes and the Soviet Union’s break-up and the fact that they were unable to manufacture the equipment. The economy of the country also declined, for all sectors declined with the decline of the nation. The privatization of both the agricultural collectives and the state farms was carried out without any arrangement and it was the wrong thing to do and it had a negative impact. He said he felt discontent about it.
In 1967 there was a magnitude 9 earthquake in Mogod sum and there appeared a 58 km long rupture and tremors. But it was strange that this earthquake had very fortunate consequences with no loss of human lives or livestock. The people who had been sleeping at the time of the earthquake didn’t fall into the gap that appeared in the middle of the ger. One bed-ridden person with an unknown ailment had been completely healed by it. In the middle of the sheep flock there appeared a gap and not a single animal died. It was a strange story. In other words, he considers it was a generous earthquake that awakened the Mogod sum.
At the end of his interview he said he was proud of the wheat and grain, airag, horses and wrestling of the people of Bulgan aimag, and of the fact that he had acquired an agricultural vocation.