Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990312
Name: Renjin
Parent's name: Puntsag
Ovog: Alag aduu
Sex: m
Year of Birth: 1927
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education:
Work: retired, literature teacher
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Urgamal sum, Zavhan aimag
Lives in: Sühbaatar sum (or part of UB), Ulaanbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: smith

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cultural campaigns; democracy; collectivization; family; childhood;

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Summary of Interview 090908A with Renjin

During socialism people worked hard and approached their work from the heart. The government encouraged young people to join the socialist labour brigade, which was the main tool to encourage young people to be committed to their work, and to be an active citizen. Many different events such as youth conferences and forums were organized and young people actively participated in these.

Nineteen-ninety's democracy came to Mongolia in a peaceful way. Our nation gladly accepted democracy. At that time Renjin worked in the area of education which supported workers secondary education with a special focus on those who were unable to study in secondary school, and school drop-outs. This enabled them to get an 8 to 10 year education through the workers' secondary education school. Renjin was a director of the workers' school which was the only such school in the country. At that time many schools were closed due to a shortage of funding but Renjin managed to keep the school open and continued its activities during this hard time. Doctor Tüdev once said: “The workers' school has successfully gone through the hard period of the market economy through the efforts of our teachers and educators and it is one thing we can be proud of”.

Before democracy, there was censorship, and a decision about whether the book will be published or not. Renjin’s books went through this process as he was also writer. After democracy every writer had the freedom to publish their books as long as they are able to write and Renjin published a lot of books.

Since 1950, the collective movement started to develop in Mongolia. It was a very beneficial initiative for those who had many livestock and were not able to benefit from them due to having a small number of family members by integrating their labour and encouraging people to help each other. The collective movement was beneficial for the nation.

Renjin’s grandfather was a very rich person but it decreased during the time of his children and grandchildren and they were not so wealthy. During 1937-1938 repression occurred in Mongolia. His uncle lama Lhündev was arrested. Renjin’s family had many religious items [lit: burhan] and they put all of them into the boxes and left them in the mountains.