Interviewee ID: 990487
Parent's name: Seded
Year of Birth: 1953
Notes on education:
Born in: Tsenher-Mandal sum, Hentii aimag
Lives in: Tsenher-Mandal sum (or part of UB), Hentii aimag
Mother's profession: worker (herder background)
Father's profession: intellectual (herder background)
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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urban issues; education / cultural production; cultural campaigns; work; environment;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
childhood; schoolchildren's life; urbanization; Pioneers; Revolutionary Youth League; Chinese; student life; repression; cultural campaigns; belief; privatization; women's life; secondary school; consumer goods; democracy; Russians; nature and environment;
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To read a full interview with Oyungerel please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 091206A with Oyungerel
Oyungerel was born in 1953 in Tsenher Mandal sum of Hentii aimag. She is an adopted child. In 1961 she went to a sum school and having completed the tenth grade she studied in the State Teacher’s school and graduated from the geographic faculty. She graduated in 1975 worked for a year period in the centre's secondary school. Then in 1976 she went back to her school and is still working there as a teacher of geography. She is proud of her vocation. She has acquired many awards from the Ministry [of Education] and the state like the Leader of the Educational Organization and an Honored Medal of Labour.
At the end of the 1950s there used to be very many Chinese stores with pastries and candies and fruits, and there were many young women with dried out small bird-like feet. When I came back after ten years, the ‘tall shop’ became the Department Store and there were many other beautiful buildings. In the 1960s the schoolchildren exchanged their deels for brown uniforms. They had dip-pens, the schools had heating, and it was quite nice. Above the third grade the schoolchildren joined the Pioneers and from the seventh grade they became members of the Revolutionary Youth League. Much good, effective work was organized.
When I studied at the Teacher’s Institute I got a stipend. If the hygiene was poor either at work or at school, the pig would be traveled?? and we were fined or written about on the information board. In such a way the cultural campaign had high requirements and strict inspections, and the people had been taught to wash their faces with soap, clean their teeth and use white bed linen. There was much progress in household culture. In the health sector, the people got rid of venereal diseases, and in the educational sector the people were taught the new script [Cyrillic].
In the 1960s there used to be a very big mine called '505' that extracted wolfram. It was a joint venture with Russia, where Russian convicts used to work. The land was very damaged, full of mountains of slag. Around 200-300 dump trucks used to operate in one shift. It took almost 30 minutes for the trucks to line up. People say, there used to be first and second factories. [As a result of the mine] There were less than ten rivers left that had a continuous flow of water, out of more than 70 springs and streams. The largest river, the Tsenher, ran dry. The forests are infested with moths and they are damaged by fire and people not taking care of the environment.