Interviewee ID: 990511
Parent's name: Rendoo
Year of Birth: 1932
Notes on education:
Born in: Bayanhongor sum, Bayanhongor aimag
Lives in: Bayanhongor sum (or part of UB), Bayanhongor aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
(Please click on a theme to see more interviews on that topic)
work; belief; foreign relations; collectivization; environment;
Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)
belief; childhood; schoolchildren's life; mother - father; cultural campaigns; collectivization; 5 year plan; herder's life before collectivization; elections; men and women; nature and environment; democracy; privatization;
Click here to submit your own keywords for this interview
To read a full interview with Dashdulam please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 091211A with Dashdulam
Dashdulam was born in 1932 to the north of Tariat mountain in Bayanhongor aimag. Her father was a herder, hunter, and a skilled smith and her mother was good at needlework, and had a good eye for cattle. [That is, she was more adept at recognising individual animals than most people.] Having completed the fourth grade Dashdulam was taken out of school to tend the cattle because she was an only child. At that time, as a leader of the district's Youth [the Revolutionary Youth League], she did a lot of volunteer work for the state, such as sending camels to be used in caravan, delivering animal products, driving the horses to pasture, and telling the news to people scattered around the district. Later, she studied nursing and worked as a nurse for 27 years.
Some of the people didn't like the collectivization movement. There was a lot of pressure, and looking after the livestock was like a kind of punishment. The five-year plan was very tough. The wool was collected by the different types, such as wool, hair from the manes and tails, short wool and so on. There were different taxes, like the livestock tax which was paid in money, income tax, the oil taken by official regulations. During the war the livestock were taken by their live weight, including riding horses, castrated camels and male goats and they were shipped in wagons to the Russian border. During the war time there goods were scarce and the flour was given in a small quantity. After the war Russia supported us in great deal. Russia did a lot of work towards making people and the livestock healthy and it achieved great results.
When I was small, at the Shargaljuut mineral spring, you used to be able to hear the music of the world before sunrise. When we visited that place later, there was no such music. The main river has decreased a lot.