Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990513
Name: Ermadi
Parent's name: Mend-Davaa
Ovog: Borjigon
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1949
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: elementary
Notes on education:
Work: retired
Belief: Christian
Born in: Bayan-Ovoo sum, Bayanhongor aimag
Lives in: Bayanhongor sum (or part of UB), Bayanhongor aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder

Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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family; collectivization; cultural campaigns; relations between men and women; democracy;

Alternative keywords suggested by readers for this interview are: (Please click on a keyword to see more interviews, if any, on that topic)

mother - father; childhood; schoolchildren's life; official regulations; collectivization; private life; repression; cultural campaigns; women's life; men and women; work - labor; belief; democracy; privatization; consumer goods;

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To read a full interview with Ermadi please click on the Interview ID below.

Summary of Interview 091213A with Ermadi

Ermadi was born in a place known as Soyombo in Bayan-Ovoo sum, Bayankhongor aimag. She completed the fourth grade. She was in the collective but her husband worked as a brigade physician. For fifteen years she travelled around the stock-raising brigades. Then she moved to work at the Mongolian-Bulgarian joint factory in order to send her children to school.

At that time the collectivization movement was called ‘smoothing’ among the people. The sheep cost 45 tögrög, a barren mare for slaughter cost 120. Each ail had was tasked to provide 50 kg of wild leek hand fodder, and make hay and it was tough to fulfil this task and the salary was very low.

The cultural campaign was carried out not through understanding, but by pressure. The people were required to keep their cooking pot clean and to scrub their storage chests until they lost their colour. They were asked questions like what kind of papers and magazines did they subscribe to and how often they took a bath. A diploma with the seals of 11 ministries was given to the good ails. The cultural campaign had its good impact in every sector and it had brought the people to a proper level behaviour.

During socialism we had a 45 day leave before we gave birth, and 56 days after, we went to work. Every three hours I used to rush between the work and the nursery to feed the baby. We were under time constraints, and so I often had no time to eat during the day. Today things have changed and we have the equal rights with men.