Interviewee ID: 990499
Parent's name: Arana
Year of Birth: 1929
Notes on education:
Born in: Tsagaanchuluut sum, Zavhan aimag
Lives in: Tsagaanchuluut sum (or part of UB), Zavhan aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder, pedlar
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herding / livestock; family; repressions; collectivization; herding / livestock;
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Summary of Interview 100510A with Tsend-Ayush
Tsend-Ayush was born in 1929 at the herder’s family and did herding throughout her life. She had delivered and raised 12 children. Her eldest child is now 60 years old. She was awarded the 'Honored Mother' medal with first and second levels. As Tsend-Ayush remembers, the repressions happened when she was 8 years old. Local monk Damdinsüren was arrested, but he ran away. After that people looked for him, but there was no any sign he was anywhere and he disappeared. Damdinsüren lived in a cave and a tent and came out when the situation improved. Then he married, herded livestock and lived happily. According to the people who lived at that time, Damdinsüren was highly educated, so he had a magical power to hide himself from the eyes of others.
Tsend-Ayush’s father was Arvai the Peddler (panzchin) and he did some trading. Her father was a very smart person. During war-time, flour was scarce, so people would eat bran, but his father brought back a lot of flour from his travels. He distributed the flour to all his neighbours. Furthermore, people donated their horses and other things as to the state during the war as a form of aid. Her father said when he gave his good horse to the state: “I gave my horse because my horse will be the fastest and will outrun the Chinese”. Tsend-Ayush keeps until now his father’s saddle-fittings and whip. Tsend-Ayush spent all her life herding, raising livestock, processing milk products and preparing raw materials from livestock. She was a shepherd for most of the time.