Interviewee ID: 990576
Parent's name: Ichinhorol
Year of Birth: 1942
Notes on education:
Work: retired / aimag Party Audit Commission head
Born in: Darhan sum, Hentii aimag
Lives in: Herlen sum (or part of UB), Hentii aimag
Mother's profession: worker
Father's profession: worker
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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privatization; environment; relations between men and women; authority; keepsakes / material culture;
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privatization; nature and environment; women's life; women's organization; boss-worker relations; songs and music; Party member; intelligentsia; darga;
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Summary of Interview 100536A with Janchiv
I was born in Darhan sum of Hentii aimag. After completing the eighth grade, I became the head of the League [meaning Revolutionary Youth League] cell in Bayanmönh sum of Hentii aimag and then I became an elementary school teacher. In 1972 I graduated the tenth grade extramurally (echneegeer) and in 1973 I became the Bayanmönh sum party cell deputy head. Then in 1977 I went to study at the Party Institute in Ulaanbaatar city and graduated from it in 1981. In 1981-1987 I was the head of the women’s council of Hentii aimag. In 1987-1980 I worked as the head of the party auditing commission of the aimag party committee. In 1990-1992 I was a political worker and in 1992 at the age of 50 retired because I had four children.
Since I was working at the aimag centre at the beginning of 1990s privatization had almost nothing to do with me. My parents had been the first cooperative members of Bayanmönh sum therefore they were given some cattle. Since I had been working for the party committee I used to go in the countryside and talk about privatization. At that time it was said on the radio and TV that “negdels aren't the only way”, and then the privatization began. In the countryside people had been introduced to privatization but the intelligentsia in the urban areas weren't given much information. Some people were happy that they received the cattle that had been collectivized and the others considered it wrong that the property had been scattered and split up. A privatization commission had been set up in each sum and they had divided the cooperative property in various ways taking into consideration the number of collectivized livestock, the number of years a person had worked and their work achievements. After privatization some people’s life became really good and there were those who wasted their privatized property. I don’t know how privatization was carried out in the aimag centre factories and economic units. The quick-minded people and the finance people who managed that organization got a great deal. The ordinary guard men and the workers didn’t get much. There's a good side in acquiring a master for the property, though the majority of the development of the cooperatives had been destroyed. There had been many errors due to how privatization was carried out, without making the people understand the privatization process. Most of the people sold the pink and blue coupons and some gave them to the big companies but they didn’t get any benefit from them. The majority of the factories had been privatized hence many people became jobless. The retirement law was renovated and young women almost at their thirties retired because they had four children.
In the socialist period when they had work, the young women were very optimistic. The majority of the workers in the hospitals, schools, hotels, nurseries and kindergartens were young women. During socialism, mostly women had responsible roles. There was a quota that said a certain number of the aimag and sum hural members had to be women. When enrolling students, the number of female and male students allowed was sent to the schools. The mothers’ leisure centre, the women’s cultural hall, the women’s council had been supported by the state and through these organizations women's development took place. There had been many kindergartens, nurseries and a young woman with even ten children had the possibility to work and raise her children.
She had been one of the few women dargas therefore she talked in detail about the authoritative people of the socialist time and the nature and environment.