Interviewee ID: 990580
Parent's name: Ayush
Year of Birth: 1932
Notes on education:
Work: retired / teacher at a ten-year school
Born in: Idermeg sum, Hentii aimag
Lives in: Herlen sum (or part of UB), Hentii aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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democracy; privatization; education / cultural production; childhood; environment;
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democracy; privatization; childhood; schoolchildren's life; secondary school; intelligentsia; teacher; movies; plays; children's upbringing; nature and environment;
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To read a full interview with Tarvajav please click on the Interview ID below.
Summary of Interview 100540A with Tarvajav
Tarvajav was born in 1932 in Idermeg sum of Hentii aimag. She worked for 45 years as a teacher and a headmaster in the education sector and retired in 1993. She had been a member of the Revolutionary Youth League for 40 years and the MPRP for 50 years. She was brought up at home and in1942 she entered the elementary school of Idermeg sum and completed the fourth grade. When she was small there were the tough times of the zud in the year of the Monkey (1944), and World War 2. A that time schoolchildren learned what the teachers taught and they endeavoured to learn in an the environment without notebooks or candles. When she was in elementary school she used to assist the sum typist, so after she finished, she was made a propagandist for ten gers. Then, from 1948 she became an elementary school teacher and taught for ten years. In 1958 she was appointed the head of the women’s council of Hentii aimag. She then requested to teach in a secondary school in 1959. She studied for two years in the Teacher’s College and graduated. She worked as a headmaster and education manager until she retired.
She feels that democracy has not reached the goal of establishing justice and independent living. At that time (in 1990) she didn’t get rid of the socialist mindset therefore she hadn’t thought that democracy would bring good things. The moment democracy arrived, many people became jobless, and many factories were emptied and people in general started to live a tense and poor life.
It seemed quite serious that one of the first things they did was destroyed the auditing agency. Also, the children’s rights and freedom have deteriorated and everything that was done in the children's vanished. Still today she cannot see the good effects of democracy. After the coming of democracy, the women became the main people who looked after the household and children and the men mostly visited the bars. In the socialist time there were no children who didn't go to school and no unemployed, but now generally, men are without work.
She considers herself a person who hadn’t received any benefit from privatization, like most of the physicians and the teachers. At first she gave her vouchers to the Erdenet mining and processing industrial complex but when they said it had been privatized the year before (2008), she gave them to the State Department Store but she hasn't received anything yet. Now there’s nothing in our homeland. She thinks that the people who had been in charge are the ones who privatized the water management, public enterprises, the negdels, construction industry and flour plants. The privatization didn’t have impact on the everyday life of the people. She think it wasn’t correct not to give livestock to those who had collectivized their livestock earlier. Those who had been working for the state didn't get anything. She thinks those who had been just and honest didn’t get anything. At that time the people who managed the property got more.
Besides the above main topics she talked in detail about childhood- children’s upbringing, especially about the life of the countryside schoolchildren; the socialist time general education school, teachers; about the Teacher’s school – student’s life; about the changes of Hentii aimag’s nature & environment.