Interviewee ID: 990531
Parent's name: Genden
Year of Birth: 1930
Notes on education:
Work: retired / sum administrator
Born in: Tüvshin Shiree sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Baruun Urt sum (or part of UB), Sühbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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cultural campaigns; work; herding / livestock; collectivization; privatization;
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Summary of Interview 100602A with Baasanjav
The first elementary school was founded in 1940 in Ölziit sum of Hentii aimag. Mostly language classes were taught since there was a lack of paper. After graduation, Baasanjav guai remained as a teacher. After having taught for several years he was called to serve in the army. Though it was rare to join the Party while in the military, in 1961 he became a Party member. At that time there was a shortage of personnel (cadres) therefore after demobilization he became a sum secretary.
The sum party committee darga was in charge of the state organizations personnel work. There was an primary-level party committee in Bayandelger with over 100 members. Baasanjav guai concluded that the party of that time was a clear example of a politicized party. Instructions and recommendations used to come to the party committee from Ulaanbaatar. In every sum there was a party audit that was carried out by one person and it revealed every failing, error and deviation.
The literate and active members were appointed to be the agitators. But due to the weakening of the effectiveness of the agitators the party cell darga started to do the agitation. Besides the party committee, there was a public organization known as the trade union. The party cells tried to make the number of male and female members equal. But though there weren't many women intelligentsia, they were appointed to the leading positions.
The petroleum base was to provide all the vehicles of the aimag with petroleum and it had a sub-station with a capacity of 20 tons.
By the end of 1960 the aimag organizational department was in charge of the collectivization work. Initially one sum had several collectives but in 1959 they were all unified with one darga. At that time the main consideration was to strengthen the material resources of the collectives. And though the school and the communications were state-owned, they were financed from the collective. There was an goal to ensure that the young people had no religion or belief.
Through the cultural campaign the households were checked for 'cultured living' (ahuin soyel), and cultured and civilized households were commended. Though qualified personnel used to come to work at the collective, they were unreliable. The workers followed the labor protection regulations well.
Baasanjav feels that privatization wasn't carried out justly, as the state officials didn’t get any shares from the collectives and today the petroleum base, the transportation management departments have been privatized and shut down. He expressed his great regret concerning this issue.