Interviewee ID: 990535
Parent's name: Sodov
Year of Birth: 1934
Education: incomplete secondary
Notes on education: This most likely means 7 years of schooling.
Work: retired / transport driver
Born in: Ongon sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Baruun Urt sum (or part of UB), Sühbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: official
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collectivization; urban issues; belief; work; environment;
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Summary of Interview 100606A with Demidotsol
In 1956-1957 the collectivization movement was taking place in Sühbaatar aimag. They joined the ‘Shine amidral’ (New Life) cooperative. In 1957 he came to Ulaanbaatar and attended the only one nationwide auto school. The road to Ulaanbaatar used to be rough and there were no guanzes along the road. Ulaanbaatar was very small then.
The auto school had a salary of 200 tögrögs. The school had no dormitory and it taught not only the driving lessons but also base (depot) management.
When he returned to his homeland, the collective had only one truck and they managed all their work with that truck. In 1949 for the first time the auto-relay station was established. At that time, herders from Inner Mongolia resided in the southeast of Erdenetsagaan sum.
In the 1960s the auto base in Baruun Urt was had 200 – 300 workers and managed all transportation service in the aimag. At that time the so called ZIL-164 truck was being introduced in all the local areas.
At that time rain season started from April and there was no desertification of the pastures. The rivers had plenty of water and the grass grew high, as he recollected.
There was only one radio within the bag and the agitator used to pass on what he had heard. There were a public services and handicrafts in the aimag.
The transportation drivers had a month-long vacation once a year. Their work was reviewed by how many kilograms they carried. If the equipment was damaged in the countryside, the drivers repaired it themselves. There were few female drivers and they drove light vehicles.
The young families weren’t often assisted by the collectives and according to the Dariganga custom, men had to prepare the ger and the goods when they got married.
Domidotsol conluded that only the cunning and quick minded people got the most from privatization.
Religion was agitated against until the people got disgusted. The old people secretly worshiped the ovoos and the mountains.
Democracy gave freedom to everyone and it is a thing that should be.