Ulaan


Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990539
Name: Ulaan
Parent's name: Tangad
Ovog: Janjin gün
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1940
Ethnicity: Halh

Additional Information
Education: elementary
Notes on education:
Work: retired / worker
Belief: Buddhist
Born in: Ölziit sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Baruun Urt sum (or part of UB), Sühbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder


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childhood; funerals; work; herding / livestock; relations between men and women ;

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Summary of Interview 100610A with Ulaan


Ulaan guai was born in 1940 in Ölziit sum. When he was small, her father died and as the oldest of the family she wasn’t sent to school. In the 1950s the elementary school teachers taught the new script.


When a collective was established, they didn’t have livestock therefore some poor ‘ails’ joined together to work. The cooperative was called Möhmanlai. During privatization, the people from the collective who lived in the centre weren’t given any livestock.


When the collective was first established, the sum had few people and there were few officials, as well. Ulaan first worked as a courier and received a salary of 80 tögrögs. Since then she had done many kinds of jobs and among them the highest paid work was tending livestock.


In 1961 she moved from Matad to the state farm.


In the olden times there were no wooden fences therefore the herders built fences from hardened dung.


Concerning the weather, if it was warm, it was warm for the whole day, and now it has stopped being so, she said.


She didn’t know anything about religion and had no belief therefore she even gave her Buddha away to someone.


Before the cultural campaign the people were unaware about washing and cleaning, she recalled.


The dargas and the workers could be distinguished from their appearance. It was rare for the workers to go abroad. The state sent its workers to training courses depending on their education. When she worked at a cafeteria, she was sent to ‘Gurvan Nuur’ resort by her organization.


In the time of Ulaan guai’s mother the women were given in marriage. The people who died were wrapped in a cloth and buried.


In 1966 when she came to the city, it was a place with many buildings and lots of illumination. The city life was completely different from the settlements.


Mostly the people wore deels and they made the deels themselves. Beginning from 1970 European clothes started to be worn.