Interviewee ID: 990540
Parent's name: Sereetgeer
Year of Birth: 1933
Notes on education:
Work: retired / herder
Born in: Halzan sum, Sühbaatar aimag
Lives in: Halzan sum (or part of UB), Sühbaatar aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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military; collectivization; herding / livestock; environment; belief;
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Summary of Interview 100611A with Tserenbaltav
Tserenbaltav guai went to serve in the military when he reached the age of 18 and at that time they went to the military voluntarily. The military education had its advantages in that it taught people patience, endurance and the view of a just struggle.
In the olden times the ‘ails’ with private economies were given plans. When they weren’t able to fulfill the plan, they joined the collective in a mass, he said. The herders didn’t have radio or television and there was the only one at the aimag centre. The herders were aware of the weather from the sun set. If more collective livestock were raised than had to be given state, the livestock were given to the herder for free. During the birth of the young animals the people had to be very responsible and someone used to stay on duty sleepless throughout the night in the herd enclosure. Each ail had its own spring camping place and the fences and the barn were built from the collective. He concluded the advantage of joining the collective was the official tax exemption. Those who worked well were sent to a resort for 15 days by the collective’s transportation. The haymaking and the fodder were prepared using the collective’s resources and given to the herders, and the herders, in their turn, had the duty to over-fulfill the plan. At that time there was no drought and there were plenty of rain and grass therefore the herders seldom moved to far off places for pasturing the cattle and they moved to a nearby place. Nowadays the grass doesn’t grow, desertification takes place, and the water level in the wells has dropped greatly. Recently, mines have started being dug and the land is turned up.
Agitations against religion were organized but the people weren’t doing wrong by praying and kneeling in worship. The sum hospital had one ‘69’, and we used to go on emergency calls using that car. During the privatization the livestock were given to the ‘ail’ according to the number of family members. He said, he thought in general the privatization was carried out fairly. Finally he emphasized that each type of livestock is adapted to the country.