Interviewee ID: 990543
Parent's name: Zul
Year of Birth: 1926
Notes on education:
Work: retired / herder
Born in: Bugat, Jinhene sum, Govi-Altai aimag
Lives in: Yosonbulag sum (or part of UB), Govi-Altai aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: [blank]
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childhood; life in wartime; cultural campaigns; repressions; funerals;
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Summary of Interview 100805A with Darisüren
Darisüren guai was born in 1926 in Bugat sum of Gobi-Altai aimag. The elementary school he attended had 7 teachers including the school director and they had classes of drawing, physical education, language and math.
His two uncles were arrested and taken away because they were lamas but the families weren’t aware of the reason and later one uncle came back having escaped. It was war-time and the Kazakhs used to come to maraud therefore the people moved day and night, so they lacked information.
The people imprisoned during the repression ate soaked cow hide and wild onions while all their belongings in their gers were confiscated and sealed. All the lamas who lived in the Tonhil monastery were arrested. At that time the ‘ails’ concealed their Buddhas and altars in the rocks fearing of confiscation.
During the cultural campaign the ‘ails’ who didn’t meet the requirements were published in the ‘Matar’ (Crocodile) magazine.
The ‘ails’ used to make fire in the fire tripod therefore there was much soot. (That is, they lacked stoves and stovepipes.) The countryside ‘ails’ had beds and many quilted rugs. The children with sheepskin pants walked barefooted. They were infested with many lice but thanks to the cultural campaign it was eliminated.
About 10-20 people worked at the sum arteli where they made footwear to sell. The ‘ails’ grew grain and they made Tsagaan Sar cookies which they gave to each other.
There was only one Russian salesman in the specialists’ store in the aimag center, otherwise there weren’t many Russians. But the Chinese used to work at the arteli.
In the socialist time there was a childlessness tax to be paid, Darisüren guai recalled.
In the olden times corpses were put out in the open and there also used to be also places called the Kazakhs’ tomb.