Interviewee ID: 990545
Parent's name: Möngön
Year of Birth: 1920
Education: tusgai dund
Notes on education:
Work: retired / medic (bag emch)
Born in: Delger, Jambalyn Ulaan sum, Govi-Altai aimag
Lives in: Yosonbulag sum (or part of UB), Govi-Altai aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
Themes for this interview, suggested by the interview team, are:
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life in wartime; illness / health; cultural campaigns; collectivization; privatization;
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Summary of Interview 100807A with Yampil
Yampil guai was born in 1921 and until the age of seventeen he lived with his parents and tended livestock. There were no schools at that time, and the so-called departments (tanhim) were established to teach math and Mongolian language. Yampil guai went to the Halh Gol war in 1939 and the Liberation War of 1941-1945 to render first aid through the Red Cross.
Social life in the 1930s was poor and it was a hard time during the war when tea and flour were distributed to the people according to norms. All goods were imported from Russia and there were no Chinese things at all. The livestock and sheep largely weren't eaten and mostly dairy products were consumed. The children ran barefooted and at that time the rams and the goats weren’t separated therefore young animals appeared through out the winter and spring.
Medicine was very rare and as a result of many years of oppression by the Manchu there used to be ailments like syphilis, venereal diseases and insanity but compared to the present day there were fewer kinds of disease then.
The cultural campaign was an inevitable requirement for Mongolia and thanks to it there were great changes in health and other sectors. At that time the majority of the people didn’t know Mongolian grammar and the teaching of Cyrillic was the start of planting the seed of culture in Mongolia, he thinks.
Collectivization was a unification of the people by force and consequently the poor ‘ails’ without livestock began to migrate to the city thus increasing migration. The only advantage was that the consumer goods were cheap.
In the socialist period everyone had work and they were highly responsible. At present the people kill time just waiting for their salary and they have careless work attitude.
Privatization wasn’t conducted justly and the people in power made the most of it. Those who tended livestock only got a small share.
As if nature gets older, the rain and precipitation lessen and the plants deteriorate bringing great changes. The Mongolians have buried the dead since the old days in places they had first inquired about.