Interviewee ID: 990567
Parent's name: Horol
Year of Birth: 1921
Notes on education:
Work: retired / worker
Born in: Tögrög sum, Govi-Altai aimag
Lives in: Yosonbulag sum (or part of UB), Govi-Altai aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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military; repressions; funerals; collectivization; work;
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Summary of Interview 100809A with Lhasran
Lhasran guai was called to military service in 1942 and he took part in Word War II. The 7th and the 8th divisions of Matad liberated the Chinese city of Jehol. When they passed through Inner Mongolia, the Inner Mongolian steeds had poor strength though they were fat and they couldn’t outrun the Mongolian horses. The military provision was good only in the border units. It was a time when only military schooling was taught in the army, and if you disagreed with the dargas you could be considered a counter-revolutionary. There was a person who dropped a picture of a minister on a nail and so become a counter-revolutionary.
When Lhasran guai was a child, many ‘ails’ lived in one place. The lamas were all arrested and there were very few who came back. When burying the dead, they were put out in the open. Men were put facing west and women facing east, and a has (Buddhist swastika) was drawn under a hadag and laid underneath. They were put in areas without mouse holes.
During the cultural campaign the clothes and the footwear were inspected very accurately.
Concerning the collectivization, Lhasran guai said that at first communes were founded and the livestock were confiscated and given to the poorest. Then a collective farm was established and later it was disbanded giving the livestock back to their owners and at the end the collective was established. Thanks to the collectives the difference between the rich and the poor was eliminated but later because of privatization this balance was lost.
Lhasran guai worked as a courier in the collective and he distributed the 'Party Truth’ and ’Labor’ newspapers. The trade provision brigade tanned cow leather and skins, making footwear and hats. Later, when a man named Behdorj founded a factory, he administered it.
Concerning privatization, they couldn’t distribute the livestock evenly, giving it back to the owners. And people who lived in settlements were left empty-handed.
He said that he had observed that nature had changed greatly becoming either too cold or too hot.