Ariunaa


Basic information
Interviewee ID: 990549
Name: Ariunaa
Parent's name: Andvai
Ovog: Jabtuva
Sex: f
Year of Birth: 1955
Ethnicity: Tuvan

Additional Information
Education: higher
Notes on education: physics, math teacher
Work: director, Ölgii middle school
Belief: shamanist
Born in: Tsengel sum, Bayan-Ölgii aimag
Lives in: Ölgii sum (or part of UB), Bayan-Ölgii aimag
Mother's profession: worker
Father's profession: worker


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childhood; belief; education / cultural production; democracy; funerals;

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Summary of Interview 100904A with Ariunaa


This interview was given by two people Ariunaa and Tömörbileg.


In 1959 workers were moved from Bayan-Ölgii aimag to Nalaih and Selenge. Ariunaa guai’s parents had worked there and then they worked at the Nairamdal brick plant established with the assistance of the Chinese in Ulaanbaatar. Then they went to Bayanhongor to work and later they returned to Tsengel sum. At that time, the ‘ails’ received appointments from the Party and moved a lot.


The Tuvans’ official language was Türeg and when Ariunaa guai was small, Türeg language was not officially taught at school.


Shamanism took place in a concealed form among the Tuvans until 990. The ‘ails’ used to worship fire and consecrate the livestock. Ariunaa said, perhaps the shamans were repressed somewhat less than the lamas.


The Tuvans and the Kazakhs weren't in agreement on religion, therefore they had many conflicts when they lived at the same place. The Tuvan people regret the fact of becoming inbred and being absorbed by the Halh. There used to be 20 Tuvan clans (ovog), and now there are left only about ten clans and 3 hoshuu.


In 1991 the Tuvan secondary school was established. Later, the number of schoolchildren decreased, and in 1997 it was transformed into an elementary school. They have Tuvan language and literature classes.


The two of them concluded that in the socialist period people’s labor had been evaluated justly and the women had been promoted at work. In the western aimags it was considered that women should be the heads of the households, and in the socialist period this view gradually weakened but this concept still exists today.


After democracy the party changed into an organ that is active only during the elections. As a result of democracy the people obtained the freedom to speak but with the privatization many factories had been disbanded and the number of unemployed people increased. Many children dropped out of school.


In the old days the Tuvan people dug a hole and buried the dead wrapped in felt. In the modern time the shamans tell the fortune about the dead and everything is managed within a week's time.