Interviewee ID: 990584
Parent's name: Peljin
Year of Birth: 1942
Notes on education:
Born in: Manhan sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Jargalant sum (or part of UB), Hovd aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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Summary of Interview 101104B with Doljin
When Doljin guai was first employed to work as an obstetrician in Mönhhairhan sum, the women herders always delivered their children at home. She visited the ’ails’ on horse and in case of complications she communicated with the aimag people and they came to assist. She worked as a nurse in Manhan sum and she used to be the nurse on duty. She worked days and nights. The nurses were rare then so she started her work from 8 in the morning and came home at 10 pm. Flu, meningitis and itchiness were wide-spread. The people were officially examined for venereal disease and they used their nude children as a shield when examined.
In 1947 there was a case of the assassination of a Kazakh ‘ail’ that had crossed the border and they were executed by Mongolians angered by the Osmans (Kazakh rebels). The Kazakhs living in Buyant moved in long after that event. The Urianhais often came from Xinjiang and on the way they ate the remains of livestock and grass.
Today the women’s life has become very easy and the hospital work has slightly decreased. She also talked about the stories that happened at her workplace. She told about treating a frozen child and that many people with sleep disorders visited the hospital.
In 1990 there was a 4th Congress of the medical workers. During the privatization process her husband was a deputy darga of a sum and she worked in a hospital therefore they didn’t get anything from privatization. 15 small livestock were distributed per person. Her husband died in an accident. While her husband was treated in the hospital she often visited lamas and fortune tellers.
In 1979 when they just came to Buyant sum the forest was full of trees and no one could walk through it. Today the situation has changed and water has decreased.
The names of the lands and the rivers haven’t been changed with the arrival of the Urianhai and the Kazakh people. There’s only one case of renaming Ulaan Bulan to Naran Hairhan.