Interviewee ID: 990589
Parent's name: Tseden-Ish
Ovog: Toliton burguud
Year of Birth: 1937
Notes on education:
Work: retired / herder
Born in: Erdenebüren sum, Hovd aimag
Lives in: Jargalant sum (or part of UB), Hovd aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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Summary of Interview 101109B with Sambid
During the cultural campaign the sum and the bag delegates were appointed to inspect the herders’ hygiene. They checked if there were lice in the blankets, towels, cauldron cloth, all kerchiefs and the heads. They undressed the children and examined each of them very carefully. In case there were shortcomings, a picture of a pig was hung on their ger door and they took measures. The inspection people had a report meeting and they announced the report to the masses. The result of the inspection was published in ‘Labor’ newspaper.
If one ‘ail’ of a brigade or a bag had bad marks, it affected all the ‘ails’ of the brigade therefore they strove as a whole brigade. All prepared for the cultural campaign inspection as best as they could. The herders bathed in the river in warm seasons and in the cold seasons they bathed in a tub. When bathing, there was no shampoo. They bought laundry soap and face soap from the agent and bathed once or twice a month.
At the time of the collectivization movement the ‘ails’ had an open fire and the herders got livestock from the collective. With the beginning of the cultural campaign each ‘ail’ has acquired a stove, a white inside and outside ger cover and curtains. Before the start of the cultural campaign there were no wood frames in the toono. The toono was open and, taking out the stovepipe, the örh (smoke hole cover) was covered. Some ’ails’ inside ger cover was dark and covered with dust. Trousers were made from the pieces of sheepskin. The trousers got dirty, too. If lice appeared in the trousers, there was nothing to do but throw them away. Being without trousers is the least thing you could have. When infected with lice, we used to beat them or take off the clothes and put them outside in the cold. Since the cultural campaign inspection the lice have decreased greatly.
When going by caravan, we spent the nights in a hut. We built a hut tying up the heads of the ger poles. We took mutton, flour, cooked rice and butter when going by caravan.