Interviewee ID: 990591
Parent's name: Avdii
Year of Birth: 1941
Notes on education: zootechnician
Born in: Bayannuur sum, Bayan-Ölgii aimag
Lives in: Buyant sum (or part of UB), Hovd aimag
Mother's profession: herder
Father's profession: herder
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Summary of Interview 101111B with Sheken
There was a ‘Soyolt’ collective in Buyant sum, and the collective leadership consisted of nine people. The leadership was composed of the collective darga, the general specialists, a veterinarian, an economist and a general accountant. With the breakup of the collective and the privatization of it some people got wells and some got fences. In this way the collective property was privatized. Some have raised and increased the livestock received through privatization and some wasted them.
An aimag representative came and was assigned to organize work within the sum by bags. The bags and the brigades divided the work and they went to the herders and gave them assignments. The herders had to fulfill the requirements given from above. Every year a demonstration was organized in one sum on winter preparation and preparing for the arrival the young animals. In the socialist time the herders had only 75 head of livestock and the collective officials 16 heads, if the number was over 75, the collective took the extra ones. When joining the party, one had to be a deputy member for a year period.
The Kazakhs living in Mongolia visit the Mongolian astrologists, the fortunetellers and the lamas to have sutras read.